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What Makes Brownies Fudgy or Cakey? A Quick Guide


Brownies, those delectable squares of chocolaty goodness, have been a beloved dessert for generations. Yet, one of the most debated topics in the world of baking is the texture of brownies. Some prefer them fudgy, while others opt for a cakey consistency. Here at Indulge Brownies, our passion and forte is for gooey brownies, that we offer in our selection of brownie boxes. In this article, we will explore the factors that contribute to whether brownies turn out fudgy or cakey, allowing you to bake the perfect batch that suits your taste buds.

Understanding the Basics

1. The Key Ingredients

To comprehend the texture of brownies, we must first examine the key ingredients involved. Brownies typically consist of butter, sugar, eggs, cocoa powder, flour, and sometimes baking powder or soda. The proportions of these ingredients play a significant role in determining the final texture.

2. Fat Content

The amount of fat in your brownie batter is a primary factor. Higher fat content leads to fudgier brownies, as the fat coats the flour proteins, inhibiting gluten formation and creating a dense, moist texture.

3. Sugar Content

Sugar not only sweetens brownies but also affects their texture. More sugar results in a chewier and fudgier brownie, while less sugar tends to produce a cakey texture.



Baking Techniques

4. Mixing Method

The method used to mix your brownie batter can impact the outcome of what type of brownie you achieve. Overmixing can develop gluten, leading to a cakey texture. Gentle mixing just until the ingredients combine can result in a fudgier consistency. Box mix brownies also tend to produce a more cakey texture.

5. Baking Time and Temperature

The duration and temperature at which you bake brownies are crucial. Baking at a lower temperature for a longer time yields fudgier, chewy brownies. While higher temperatures and shorter baking times result in cakey brownies.

Additional Ingredients

6. Chocolate Type

The type of chocolate you use matters. Using unsweetened chocolate or dark chocolate can intensify the fudgy quality, while milk chocolate might lean towards a cakey texture.

7. Eggs

The number of eggs can make a difference. More eggs often lead to fudgier brownies, as they provide moisture and structure.

8. Leavening Agents

The inclusion of baking powder or soda can make brownies rise more, resulting in a cakey texture. Omitting these leavening agents can make brownies denser and fudgier.

Personal Preferences

9. Chewy vs. Cakey

Ultimately, the texture of your brownies comes down to personal preference. Some enjoy the dense, chewy goodness of fudgy brownies, while others savour the lighter, cake-like crumb of cakey brownies. These methods apply to all different types of unusual brownie flavours.



Tips for Achieving Your Desired Texture

10. Experimentation

To find your perfect brownie texture, don’t be afraid to experiment with different ingredient ratios and baking times. Keep a baking journal to record your findings.

11. Use Quality Ingredients

Using richer, high-quality chocolate and reducing the amount of sugar along with fresh ingredients can enhance the flavour and texture of your brownies.

12. Cool Properly

Allow your brownies to cool completely in the pan before cutting them. This prevents them from becoming crumbly or falling apart.


In the world of baking, the debate between fudgy and cakey brownies will likely continue. However, armed with the knowledge of ingredient ratios, baking techniques, and personal preferences, you can confidently create brownies that cater to your taste. Whether you prefer them fudgy or cakey, brownies are a delightful treat that will always have a special place in the world of desserts. For more general tips on what to avoid when baking brownies, check out our brownie mistakes article.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can I use cocoa powder instead of chocolate for brownies?

Yes, you can. Cocoa powder can be used to make brownies, but it may require adjustments in other ingredients to achieve the desired texture and flavour. Get more information in our brownie baking tips guide.

Why did my brownies turn out dry and crumbly?

Dry and crumbly brownies are often the result of overbaking. Be sure to follow the recommended baking time and temperature.

Can I substitute butter with oil in brownie recipes?

Yes, you can substitute oil for butter in brownie recipes. However, keep in mind that it may affect the texture and flavour of the brownies.

Can I use foil instead of baking paper for brownies?

Whilst foil can definitely be used as a substitute for baking paper when baking brownies, it’s important to be aware of the pros, cons, and possible risks. Get a complete breakdown in our foil vs baking paper article.

How can I store brownies to keep them fresh?

To keep brownies fresh, store them in an airtight container at room temperature for a few days or in the refrigerator for longer shelf life.


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